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Official Website of West Bengal Correctional Services, India - Martyrs for India's Freedom

Vasudev Balvant Phadke : Dist. Kolaba, Maharastra. Born Nov. 4, 1845. He tried to organize a National revolt against the British; deported to Aden and kept in Aden Jail under inhuman condition. He resorted to hunger strike as a protest against ill treat­ment of the Jail Authority and died on Feb. 17, 1883.

Senapati Tikendrajit Singh- Manipur, General Thengal- Manipur, Agnes Sena (younger brother of General Thengal)-Manipur : They revolted against British and were executed on August 13, 1891.

Damodar Han Chapekar : Maharastra. Executed in Yerwada Central Jail on April 18, 1898 on a charge of killing Rand, Plague Commissioner and another army officer named Ayerest

Basudeo Han Chapekar, S/O Han Chapekar, and Mahadeo Ranade, S/O Vinayak Ranade : Maharastra- were executed in Yerrowda Central Jail on May 8, 1899 and May 10, 1899 respectively for murder of informer David’s.

Bal Krishna Chapekar, S/O Han Chapekar : Maharastra-Executed in Yerrowda Central Jail on May 12, 1899. He helped in the plan to kill Mr. Rand, Plague Commis­sioner and Poona.

Khudiram Bose, S/O Trailokyanath : Midnapore (Born Dec. 3,1889) was executed in Muzaffarpur Jail (Bihar) on August 11, 1908 for committing murder on Miss and Mrs. Kennedy mistaking that the carriage in which they were traveling as carriage of Session Judge KingS/Ord.

Kanailal Datt, S/O Chunilal : Chandannagar, Dist. Hooghly, West Bengal. Executed in Old Alipore Jail (Harinbari—present Presidency Jail) on Nov.10, 1908 for shooting dead approver Narendra Goswami inside jail.

Satyendranath Bose, S/O Abhoycharan : Midnapore, West Bengal. Executed in Old Alipore Jail (Harinbari—present Presidency Jail)on Nov.21,1908 for shooting dead approver Narendra Goswami inside jail.

Charu Charan Bose, S/O Keshablal : Khulna(now in Bangladesh). Executed on March 19, 1909 in Old Alipore Jail (Harinbari—present Presidency Jail)for shooting dead Ashu Biswas, Public Prosecutor of Alipore Bomb case inside Jorabagan Court premises.

Madanlal Dhingra : Punjab. He shot and killed William Curzon Wyllie, Political A.D.C.to the Secretary of State. He was executed on August 17,1909 in Bentonville, London.

Birendranath Datta Gupta, S/O Umacharan : Dacca (now in Bangladesh). He shot dead D.S.P. Shamsul Alam in Calcutta High Court premises. Alam was the prime investigator in Alipore Conspiracy case. He was executed on Feb. 21, 1910 in Old Alipore Jail (Present presidency Jail).

Aranta Laxman Kanhere, Krishna Gopal Karve and Vinayak Narayan Deshpande : .They were executed in Thana Jail (suburb of Bombay) on April 19, 1910 for killing D.M. Jackson who convicted Ganesh Damodar Savarkar to transportation in Nasik Conspiracy case.

Kashiram : Executed in Ferozpore Jail, Punjab, on March 27, 1915 in connection with preparation for All India armed uprising.

Amirchand, S/O Hukumchand, Balmokand, S/O Bhai Mathuradas(Punjab), Abad Behari(Oudh), Basanta Biswas, S/O Motilal(Nadia, West Bengal) : All were sentenced to death in Delhi Conspiracy case in which the principal accused Rashbehari Bose could not be arrested in spite of a reward being declared for his arrest. They were executed on May 11, 1915 in the Ambala Jail.

Bakshis Singh, Bishnu Ganesh Pingley, Surain Singh, S/O lshar Singh, Surain Singh, S/O Burah Singh, Harnam Singh(Sialkot), Jaggat Singh and Kartar Singh (Saraba ) : These seven persons along with 17 others were sentenced to death in the 1st Lahore Conspiracy case set up after the failure of projected All India Armed Uprising for seizure of power on Feb. 21, 1915 under the leadership of Rashbehari Bose. They marched to gallows valiantly refusing to make any mercy petition to Govt. They were executed on Nov. 17, 1915 in Lahore Central Jail.

Niren Das Gupta, S/O Lalit Mohan, Faridpur (now in Bangladesh) and Monoranjan Sen Gupta Faridpur (now in Bangladesh) : These two were participants in the well-known Balasore fight on Sept. 9, 1915 along with the illustrious revolu­tionary leader Jatindranath Mukherjee (Baghajatin) and on being arrested were prosecuted for murder of one Rajmahanty whom they had to kill in the morning of the same day in self-defence and were sentenced to death. They were executed on Nov. 22, 1915 in the Balasore Jail (Orissa).

Bhan Singh : A convict of Lahore Conspiracy case who was most brutally assaulted for alleged misbehavior with the Superintendent of Andaman Cellular Jail. He died during hunger strike.

Sohanlal Pathak : Amritsar, He was tried and sentenced to death for his activity in connection with preparation for a soldiers’ uprising in Burma during the 1st World War. He was executed in January, 1916 in Mandalay Jail (Burma).

Her Singh Bahoowal(Hoshiarpur), Ishar Singh alias Suran Singh (Ferozepore), Ranga Singh alias Roda Singh(Jullundur), Rur Singh(Talwandi), Ferozepore and Uttam Singh(Ludhiana) : They were sentenced to death in one of the supplementary Lahore Conspiracy cases following the failure of the projected countrywide armed uprising on Feb. 21, 1915. They were executed in Lahore Central Jail on June 12, 1916.

Harnam Singh, Challiaram, Narain Singh, Basswa Singh, Narinjan Singh, Bhai Balbant Singh : They were executed in Burma, between August19 & 22, 1916 in connection with Burma Conspiracy case.

Sushil Lahiri : Executed in Oct. 1918 in Beneras Jail (U.P.) for killing his intimate friend Binayak Rao Kaple whom the party had given death penalty for rank defection and misappropriation of money and arms.

Ram Rakha : Died during hunger strike in 1919 in Andaman Cellular Jail.

Abdulla alias Sukhai, Bhagwan, Bisram, Dudhai, Kalicharan, Lal Mohammad, Laltu, Mahadeo, Meghu, Nazir Abu, Raghubir, Ramlagan, Ramrup, Rudali, Sahadeo, Sampat I, Sampat II, Shyam Sundar, Sitaram : They were arrested in connection with famous Chauri Chaura case during No cooperation movement led by Gandhiji and were executed in 1923.

Gopi Mohan Saha (Gopinath), S/O Bijoykrishna : Serampur, Dist. Hooghly, West Bengal. Executed on March 1, 1924 in Old Alipore (present Presidency) Jail for shooting dead an Englishman Mr. Dey mistaking him as Police Commissioner Tegart.

Ananta Han Mitra, S/O Ramlal, and Promode Ranjan Chowdhury, S/O Ishan : They were sentenced to death for killing D.I.B. officer Bhupen Chatterjee inside the Jail where they were being then detained as undertrial prisoners in Dakshineswar Bomb case. Executed on Sept. 28, 1926 in Alipore Central Jail (New Central Jail).

Rajen Lahiri, S/O Kshitish Mohan : Pabna (now in Bangladesh). Born June 1901. Executed on Dec.17, 1927 in Gonda Jail (U.P.) in connection with Kakori Conspiracy case.

Asfaqullah Khan : Shahjahanpur (U.P.), Executed in Faizabad Jail (U.P.) on Dec. 19, 1927 in connection with Kakori Conspiracy case.

Ramprosad Bismil, S/O Murallidhar Tewari : Shahjahanpur (U.P.). Born 1898. Executed on December 19, 1927 in Gorakhpur Jail (U.P.) in connection with Kakori Conspiracy case.

Thakur Roshan Singh, S/O Jagadish Singh : Shahjahanpur (U.P.). Born 1897.Executed in Naini Central Jail (U.P.) in connection with Kakori Conspiracy case onDec. 21, 1927.

Jatindranath Das, S/O Bankim Behari : Calcutta, West Bengal. Born Oct. 27, 1904.He along with ten others joined a hunger strike started by Bhagat Singh and Batukeswar Datta earlier upon a demand for recognition of better status for all political prisoners. He died inch by inch after 63 days of fasting on Sept. 13, 1929 in Lahore Brostal Jail.

Hpoongyi-U-Wizaya, Kyaungone, Bassein : Burma. He was a monk and resorted to hunger strike upon a demand for better diet for political prisoners and certain other privileges consistent with the life of a monk. Expired on September, 20, 1929 after fasting for 163 days.

Bhagat Singh, S/O Kishan Singh and nephew of renowned revolutionary Sardar Ajit Singh, Lyallpur (now in Pakistan) : He was first arrested for the well-known Central Assembly Bomb throwing affair and while in prison was made an accused in the Second Lahore Conspiracy case along with many others woven round the murder of Saunders, A.S.P. Lahore. He was executed on March 23, 1931 in Lahore Central Jail.

Sibram Rajguru(Poona), S/0 Han Narayan Rajguru(Maharastra) , and Sukdeb, S/O Lala Ram Lal Thapar Lyalipur (now in Pakistan) : They were executed on March 23, 1931 in Lahore Central Jail in connection with Lahore Cons­piracy Case.

Han Kishan Talwar, S/O Lala Gurudasmal : Punjab. Born January, 1908. He made an attempt on the life of Geoffrey-de-Montmorrency, Governor of Punjab when the latter was coming out of the Lahore University Hall after delivering the convocation address with a revolver shot injuring the Governor and killing a Police Officer Channan Singh. He was executed on June 9, 1931 in Mianwali Jail (now in Pakistan).

Ranabir Singh, Durga Das, Chamanlal : Dacca (now in Bangladesh). Born Dec. 6, 1911. He was a participant along with Benoy and Badal in the historic Calcutta Writers’ Buildings raid (Dec. 8, 1930) when Col. Simpson. l.G. of Prisons, Bengal, was shot dead and Mr. Nelson, Judicial Secretary, and some others were injured. He was executed in Alipore Central Jail (New Central Jail) on July 7, 1931.

Dinesh Gupta, S/O Satish : Died during hunger strike in 1919 in Andaman Cellular Jail.

Ram Krishna Biswas, S/0 Durgakripa : Chittagong (now in Bangladesh). Born January 16, 1910. He shot dead Inspector Tarini Mukherjee at Chandpur, Comilla (now in Bangladesh) mistaking him as Craig, l.G. of Police. Executed on August 4, 1931 in Alipore Central Jail (New Central Jail).

NGA Pothun, NGA Bogauk, NGA Than Myaing, NGA Pothit, NGA Po Saung, NGA Ba Thaw and NGA Po Hta : These seven martyrs were tried by special tribunal (this trial is known as famous THARAWADDY trial) on a charge of organising revolt against the British Govt. They were condemned to death on August 8, 1931.

Tarakeswar Sengupta, S/O Haricharan, Barisal (now in Bangladesh), and Santosh Mitra(Calcutta, West Bengal) : They were killed in Hijli Detention Camp (Midnapore, West Bengal) on Sept. 16, 1931 in course of an attack on the detenus by Jamuna Singh, Head Warder and his subordinates.

Saya San : A hero of hundred battles rebelled against the British. He was executed in Burma on Nov. 28,1931.

Manoranjan Bhattacharjee, S/O Kali Prasanna : was executed on August 22, 1932 in Barisal Jail (now in Bangladesh) in connection with Charmuguria (Faridpur—now in Bangladesh) Post Office dacoity case.

Ramdeni Singh : Bihar, was hanged in 1932 in connection with Hajipur Station dacoity case.

Pradyot Bhattacharjee, S/O Bhabataran : MIdnapore, West Bengal, was executed in Midnapore Central Jail on Jan. 12, 1933 in connection with Douglas (District Magistrate, Midnapore) murder case.

Kalipada Mukherjee : was executed on Feb. 16, 1933 in Dacca Jail (now in Bangladesh) in connection with Kamakhya Sen, Specral Magistrate murder case.

Mahabir Singh, S/O Kunwar Devi Singh : Etah District. (U.P.). Born Sept. 16, 1904 and died on May 17, 1933 in Andaman Cellular Jail in course of a hunger strike while resisting forced-feeding.

Man Krishna Namadas (Mohan Kishore), Mymensingh (now in Bangladesh) : resorted to hunger strike in Andaman Cellular Jail as a protest against inhuman treatment on political prisoners died on May 26, 1933 while resisting forced-feeding.

Mohit Maitra, S/O Hem Chandra Maitra : Calcutta, West Bengal. Died on May28, 1933 in Andaman Cellular Jail in course of hunger strike while resisting forced-feeding.

Surya Sen (Masterda), S/O Raj Mani Sen : Born March 22, 1894, Chittagong (now in Bangladesh), was executed in Chittagong Jail on Jan. 12, 1934 for armed uprising against the British in Chittagong. He was the Supreme Commander of the uprising.

Tarakeswar Dastidar, S/O Chandra Mohan : Chittagong (now in Bangladesh). Ho was an active associate of Masterda Surya Sen during absconding period and was executed in Chittagong 1Jail on January 12, 1934 for armed revolt against the British in Chittagong.

Harendranath Chakraborty, S/O Kali Kumar, Chittagong (now in Bangla­desh) and Krishna Chowdhury, S/O Hemendralal(Chittagong) : attempted to kill Europeans in Chittagong Paltan Maidan. They were executed on June 5, 1934 in Midnapore Central Jail.

Dinesh Majumdar, S/O Puma Chandra : Basirhat, 24-Parganas, West Bengal (Born May, 1907) shot dead Police Commissioner Quinn of Chandannagore (French). Attempted on the life of Tegart, Police Commissioner, Calcutta on 25.8.30 and being arrested for the latter event escaped from the Midnapore Central Jail and went under­ground. He was recaptured at Cornawallis Street, Calcutta, after a fight with the Police Party. He was executed on June 9, 1934 in Alipore Central Jail (New Central Jail).

Baikuntha Sukul (Sukla), S/O Ram Behari Sukul : Mazaffarpur, Bihar, was executed on May 14, 1934 in Gaya Jail (Bihar) for killing Phani Ghosh who betrayed the revolutionary party and turned approver in the Second Lahore Conspiracy case.

Manindranath Banerjee, S/O Dr. Taracharan Banerjee : , Beneras (Born in 1911) died in Fatehgarh Jail (U.P.) on June 20, 1934 after 66 days’ Hunger Strike in protest against brutal treatment inside Jail. He was arrested for shooting Jiten Banerjee, S.P. who was in charge of investigation of Kakori Conspiracy case though the victim was his own maternal uncle.

Ashit Bhattacharjee, S/O Khirod Mohan : Lashiara, Dist. Comilla (now in Bangladesh). Born April 4, 1915, executed on July 2, 1934 in Sylhet Jail (now in Bangladesh) in connection with ltakhola mail dacoity case.

Ram Krishna Roy, S/O Kenaram Roy(Midnapur, West Bengal), Brojo Kishore Chakraborty and Nirmal Jiban Ghosh, S/O Jamini Jiban Ghosh : were executed in Midnapore Central Jail in connection with Burge (D. M., Midnapore) murder case. Ram Krishna Roy and Brojo Kishore Chakraborty were executed on Oct. 25, 1934 and Nirmal Jiban Ghosh on October 26, 1934.

Motilal Mallick, S/O Raj Kumar : Dacca (now in Bangladesh). Born 1912. Executed on Dec. 15, 1934 in Dacca Jail in connection with Deobhog (Dacca) Shooting case.

Bhabani Bhattacharjee, S/O Basanta Kumar : Dacca (now in Bangladesh). Born 1914. Tried in connection with the attack on the life of Sir John Anderson, Governor of Bengal, at Lebong race course, Darjeeling and was sentenced to death. He was executed on February 3, 1935 in Rajshahi Jail (now in Bangladesh).

Rohini Barua : Born 1915. Executed in Faridpur Jail (now in Bangladesh) on Dec. 18, 1935 on a charge of beheading a Sub-Inspector of Police named Ersad Au of Gopaiganj P.S.Faridpur.

Haren Munshi : Died on Jan. 30, 1938 in Dacca Jail (now in Bangladesh) while resisting force-feeding in course of a hunger strike resorted to by repatriated Andaman prisoners convicted in Titagar Conspiracy case.

Udham Singh, S/O Sardar Tahel Singh : Sunam, Patiala. Born Dec. 26, 1898. He shot dead Michel-O-Dyer, ex-Governor of Punjab as a reprisal for the brutal atrocities led by him in Punjab in 191 9.) He was executed on June 12, 1940 in Pentonville Jail (London).

Sankar Mahali : Who was executed in Nagpur Central Jail on Jan. 19, 1943 in connec­tion with Quit India movemélit. 119. Himu Kalani, a valiant fighter of the Quit India movement was executed in Sukkur Jail on Jan 21, 1943.

Rajnarain Missir : the renowned Hero of the Quit of the India movement was executed in Lucknow jail (UP).

Kusal Kanowar : Executed in Jorhat Jail, Assam, on June 16, 1943 in connec­tion with Quit India movement.

Numerous persons died in Jails in connection with Quit India movement whose names are not available.

Martyrs of Indian National Army

Satyendra Bardhan, S/O Dinesh Chandra, ViIl. Bitghar, Dist. Comilla (now in Bangladesh); Durgadas Ray Chowdhury (age 25), Nanda Kumar Dey (age 25), Chittaranjan Mukherjee (age 24), Phani Bhusan Chakraborty (age 23), Sunil Kumar Mukherjee (age 22), Kalipada Aich (age 23), Nirendra Mohan Mukherjee (age 21), Man Kumar Basu Thakur (age 21), born June 28, 1920, S/O Bhupatimohan, Dacca (now in Bangladesh). Satyendra Bardhan was execut­ed on Sept. 10, 1943 in Madras Fort, and the rest were executed on Sept. 27, 1943 in the Madras Fort.